Age-Related Macular Degeneration

couple hugging each other whilst wearing thier new glasses

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of vision loss in people age 50 and older. With AMD, you lose your central vision, but in most cases, still maintain your peripheral vision. For example, if you have AMD and look at a clock, you’ll see only the clock’s numbers and not its hands. The condition can make reading, driving, and other daily activities extremely difficult.

There are two types of AMD – dry AMD, in which the macula of the retina gets thinner with age, and wet AMD, a less-common and faster-progressing condition when abnormal blood vessels grow in the back of the eye.

Symptoms of Macular Degeneration

AMD is a progressive disease, and in its early stages, symptoms are mild. If you experience any of the following issues, contact Envision Ophthalmology & Wellness in Cleveland to schedule a consultation with retinal specialist, Dr. E. Shanika Esparaz:

  • Straight lines appear crooked or wavy
  • Blurriness or blank spots in your center of vision
  • Loss of vision
  • Difficulties seeing in low lighting
  • Colors appear faded or dulled
  • Problems recognizing faces, reading, or looking at a computer screen

Since AMD is age-related, there’s nothing you can do to fully prevent the disease, but there are number of lifestyle changes you can make to lower your risk, including eating a diet rich in greens, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy blood pressure and weight, and getting regular eye exams.

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Treatment of AMD

Catching AMD early is crucial to protecting your eyesight. Unfortunately, there is no treatment to cure AMD – however, there are steps your ophthalmologist can take to help stop the disease from advancing.

Customized Wellness Plan

Putting healthy habits into action can help keep symptoms in check. Dr. Esparaz will work with you to create a custom wellness plan.

Retinal Injections for AMD

The primary treatment for AMD are in-eye injections of anti-VEGF medications. High levels of VEGF, or vascular endothelial growth factor, form abnormal blood vessels that cause leaks within the retina. Patients with wet AMD may require multiple injections to reduce damage to the eye and restore some visual acuity.

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Schedule Your Consultation

When it comes to AMD, there’s no time to wait to undergo the treatment needed to slow the disease. Contact Envision Ophthalmology & Wellness to be seen by Dr. Esparaz and her dedicated team.

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